Project: Jane Street Senior Walkers 2018/2019
Objective and Methodology:
The project’s outcome measured by conducting a basic evaluation survey through direct interview, using a structured questionnaire. A sample of 30 participants randomly selected using Systematic Random Sampling method for interview after a scientific calculation of the sample size with 95% confidence level and 10% margin of error. The survey was conducted by four volunteers, who were not directly involved in the project. The questionnaire was designed based on the project objectives and expected outcomes. Since we expected that the project’s results lead the participants to increase the frequency of physical activities and keep practicing workout exercisesat home as well as upgrade their knowledge about Pedestrian Safety, Healthy Eating and Drinking Habits and Fall Prevention,the survey was focused on the participant’s past and current physical activity. It enabled as to measure and compare the level of physical activity before and after the project. The knowledge level assessed by challenging the respondents to correctly selecting important measures among provided options in Pedestrian Safety, Healthy Eating and Drinking Habits and Fall Prevention areas. Then the correctness of the selected answers was calculated.
All ethical measures including the participants' privacy and confidentiality of the data were carefully considered during the study. The data were entered in a Microsoft Excel database after de-identification and analyzed by SPSS software.
Despite we put all efforts to capture the accurate information and deeply analyze it, the survey had some limitations due to technical and financial barriers, as well as lack of supportive data and information.
1. Participant’s demography: Significant portion of the participants aged over 65 years old (63.3 %). Meanwhile, 36.7 % of the participants were below 65 years of age and 20% of them were over 75 years old. The data shows, 86.7% of the respondents were female, while only 13.3% were male. This significant female appearance could be an achievement towards women empowering. Meantime, 10% of the survey participants consider themselves as newcomer residents, and 73.3% of them were in low-income families. Surprisingly, 80% of the participants attend in community events two times in a month by average. Almost half of them participants in Physical Activity and Educational events.
2. Physical activity: The participants had 1.67 times light workout exercise per week by average, while currently, after the project execution, the participants have 3.23 times light workout exercise per week by average. Statistic T-test shows the difference is significant (p-value < 0.05) and cannot be achieved by chance. Therefore, we can rely on the figures and interpret that the change is due to the project’s results. The respondents who did not consider themselves as a low-income family, had 2.75 and currently have 4.25 times exercises per week,while the low-income respondents used to exercise 1.41 times and currently have 3 times workout exercise per week.However, statistical test does not support the difference due to small sample size (p-value > 0.05), thus we cannot rely on this finding.Newcomers and residents who do not consider themselves as a newcomer have equal number of exercises per week.Also, the frequency of exercise by average is equal among different age groups.
3. Knowledge level: The participants knowledge about Pedestrian Safety is 81.3%by average, while they learned the important measures in Healthy Eating and Drinking by 88%. Furthermore, the respondent knowledge about Fall Preventionmeasured 83%.
4. Satisfaction level: The respondents rated the “Overall Project”, “Facilitator’s Proficiency”, “Encourage other friends to join” and “Willing to participate in the same program” by 9.62, 9.34, 9.45, and 9.59 out of 10 respectively.
In conclusion, the project beneficiaries’ life style changed in a healthier way, leads by the project’s results. Now the participants have more physical exercise at home compares to the baseline data. Meanwhile, their knowledge level about the selected domains increased, therefore it may enhance pedestrian safety as well as strengthening healthy diet.